“What is a healthy diet?” is a common question. Many medical experts find it difficult to answer this common question from patients. It makes sense that providing an honest response is challenging. The overwhelming amount of data generated by food and nutritional researchers, along with occasionally contradictory findings, the apparent switches in recommendations, and the deluge of false information in diet books and the media, can give the impression that explaining the basic principles of good nutrition is equivalent to outlining the complexities of particle physics. This is problematic since there are now enough reliable evidence strands for offering clear and convincing dietary recommendations.
Even though much remains to be observed about the purpose particular nutrients in reducing the risk of chronic disease, a significant amount of research supports the value of a nutritious diet that prioritise grains, legumes, vegetables, and fruits while cutting off perfected starches, red meat, full-fat milk and cheese, and foods and beverages high in added sugars. These diets have been connected to a decreased likelihood of multiple chronic illnesses.
In truth, having a healthy diet is only one process of averting illness. Lowering calories to maintain a suitable weight, exercising often, and giving up smoking are three additional essential strategies. The Nurses’ Health Study provides solid evidence that, during a 14-year period, women who followed a healthy lifestyle pattern incorporating these four strategies were eighty percent less likely than all other women to develop cardiovascular disease.